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Know more about Kazakhstan
Location Central Asia, northwest of China.
Geographic coordinates 48 00 N, 68 00 E.
Map references Asia.
Area Total: 2,717,300 sq km
Water: 47,500 sq km
Land: 2,669,800 sq km.
Land Boundaries Total: 12,012 km.
Border Countries China 1,533 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,051 km, Russia 6,846 km, Turkmenistan 379 km, Uzbekistan 2,203 km.
Coastline 0 km (Landlocked); note - Kazakhstan borders the Aral Sea, now split into two bodies of water (1,070 km), and the Caspian Sea (1,894 km).
Climate Continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid.
Geography Note Landlocked; Russia leases approximately 6,000 sq km of territory enclosing the Baykonur Cosmodrome.
Population 16,741,519 (July 2002 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 26% (male 2,212,985; female 2,141,392)
15-64 years: 66.5% (male 5,393,281; female 5,731,288)
65 years and over: 7.5% (male 434,879; female 827,694) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 0.1% (2002 est.)
Ethnic groups Kazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uighur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census).
Religions Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%.
Languages Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total Population: 98.4%
Male: 99.1%
Female: 97.7% (1999 est.)
Country Name Conventional Long Form : Republic of Kazakhstan
Conventional Short Form : Kazakhstan
Local Long Form : Qazaqstan Respublikasy
Government type Republic.
Capital Astana
Note - the government moved from Almaty to Astana in December 1998.
Independence 16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union).
National holiday Independence Day, 1 September (1991).
Constitution New constitution adopted 8 December 1992.
Legal System Evolution of Soviet civil law; still lacks independent judicial system.
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal.
GDP Purchasing Power Parity - $62 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita Purchasing Power Parity - $2,500 (2001 est.).
GDP - composition by sector Agriculture: 33%
Industry: 24%
Services: 43% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share Lowest 10%: 3.1%
Highest 10%: 25.2% (2001)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 23% (2001 est.).
Labor force 11.9 million (1998 est.)
Labor force - by occupation Agriculture 44%, Industry 20%, Services 36% (1995)
Budget Revenues: $4 billion
Expenditures: $4.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Industries Textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, natural gas, chemicals.
Agriculture - products Cotton, vegetables, fruits, grain; livestock.
Exports $2.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities Cotton 41.5%, gold 9.6%, energy products 9.6%, mineral fertilizers, ferrous metals, textiles, food products, automobiles (1998 est.)
Exports - partners Russia 16.7%, Switzerland 8.3%, UK 7.2%, Ukraine 4.7%, South Korea 3.3%, Kazakhstan 3.1% (2000).
Imports $2.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities Machinery and equipment 49.8%, foodstuffs 16.4%, chemicals, metals (1998 est.)
Imports - partners Russia 15.8%, South Korea 9.8%, US 8.7%, Germany 8.6%, Kazakhstan 7.3%, Ukraine 6.1% (2002).
Currency Uzbekistani sum (UZS).
Currency code UZS.
Fiscal year Calendar Year.
Know more about Uzbekistan
Location Central Asia, north of Afghanistan.
Geographic coordinates 41 00 N, 64 00 E.
Map references Asia.
Area Total: 447,400 sq km
Water: 22,000 sq km
Land: 425,400 sq km.
Land Boundaries Total: 6,221 km.
Border Countries Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km.
Coastline 0 km (doubly landlocked); note - Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea with a 420 km shoreline.
Climate Mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east.
Geography Note Along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world.
Population 25,563,441 (July 2002 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 35.5% (male 4,617,110; female 4,457,065)
15-64 years: 59.8% (male 7,567,510; female 7,726,753)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 482,137; female 712,866) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 1.62% (2002 est.).
Ethnic groups Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.).
Religions Muslim 88% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%.
Languages Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%.
Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total Population: 99%
Male: 99%
Female: 99% (Year-end 1996)
Country Name Conventional Long Form : Republic of Uzbekistan
Conventional Short Form : Uzbekistan
Former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
Local Long Form: Uzbekiston Respublikasi.
Government type Republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch.
Capital Tashkent (Toshkent).
Independence 1 September 1991 (from Soviet Union).
National holiday Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, celebrated on the second Saturday in June (1926).
Constitution Unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice.
Legal System Common law tradition with early Roman and modern continental influences; no judicial review of Acts of Parliament; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations; British courts and legislation are increasingly subject to review by European Union courts.
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal.
GDP Purchasing Power Parity - $1.47 trillion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.4% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita Purchasing Power Parity - $24,700 (2001 est.).
GDP - composition by sector Agriculture: 1.7%
Industry: 24.9%
Services: 73.4% (1999).
Population below poverty line 17% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share Lowest 10%: 2.6%
Highest 10%: 27.3% (2000)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.8% (2001 est.).
Labor force 29.7 million (2001).
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 44%, industry 20%, services 36% (1995).
Budget Revenues: $4 billion
Expenditures: $4.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.).
Industries Textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, natural gas, chemicals.
Agriculture - products Cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish .
Exports $2.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities Cotton 41.5%, gold 9.6%, energy products 9.6%, mineral fertilizers, ferrous metals, textiles, food products, automobiles (1998 est.)
Exports - partners Russia 16.7%, Switzerland 8.3%, UK 7.2%, Ukraine 4.7%, South Korea 3.3%, Kazakhstan 3.1% (2000).
Imports $2.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities Machinery and equipment 49.8%, foodstuffs 16.4%, chemicals, metals (1998 est.)
Imports - partners Russia 15.8%, South Korea 9.8%, US 8.7%, Germany 8.6%, Kazakhstan 7.3%, Ukraine 6.1% (2002).
Currency Uzbekistani sum (UZS).
Currency code UZS.
Fiscal year Calendar year.
Know more about United Arab Emirates
Location Central Asia, west of China.
Geographic coordinates 41 00 N, 75 00 E.
Map references Asia.
Area Total: 198,500 sq km
Water: 7,200 sq km
Land: 191,300 sq km.
Land Boundaries Total: 3,878 km.
Border Countries China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km.
Coastline 0 km (landlocked).
Climate Dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone.
Geography Note Landlocked; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes.
Population 4,822,166 (July 2002 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 34.4% (male 838,224; female 821,230)
15-64 years: 59.4% (male 1,403,328; female 1,459,914)
65 years and over: 6.2% (male 113,861; female 185,609) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 1.45% (2002 est.).
Ethnic groups Kyrgyz 52.4%, Russian 18%, Uzbek 12.9%, Ukrainian 2.5%, German 2.4%, other 11.8%.
Religions Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%.
Languages Kyrgyz - official language, Russian - official language.
Note: In December 2001, the Kyrgyzstani legislature made Russian an official language, equal in status to Kyrgyz.
Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total Population: 97%
Male: 99%
Female: 96% (1989 est.)
Country Name Conventional Long Form : Kyrgyz Republic
Conventional Short Form : Kyrgyzstan
Former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
Local Long Form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
Government type Republic
Capital Bishkek.
Independence 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union).
National holiday Independence Day, 31 August (1991).
Constitution Adopted 5 May 1993; note - amendment proposed by President AKAYEV and passed in a national referendum on 10 February 1996 significantly expands the powers of the president at the expense of the legislature.
Legal System Based on civil law system.
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal.
GDP Purchasing Power Parity - $13.5 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita Purchasing Power Parity - $2,800 (2001 est.).
GDP - composition by sector Agriculture: 38%
Industry: 27%
Services: 35% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line 55% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share Lowest 10%: 2.7%
Highest 10%: 31.7% (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 7% (2001 est.).
Labor force 2.7 million (2000).
Labor force - by occupation Agriculture 55%, Industry 15%, Services 30% (2000).
Budget Revenues: $207.4 million
Expenditures: $238.7 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Industries Small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals.
Agriculture - products Tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool.
Exports $475 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities Cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, hydropower; machinery; shoes.
Exports - partners Germany 28.7%, Uzbekistan 17.7%, Russia 12.9%, China 8.7%, Kazakhstan 6.6% (2000).
Imports $420 million (f.o.b., 2001)
Imports - commodities Oil and gas, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs.
Imports - partners Russia 23.9%, Uzbekistan 13.5%, Kazakhstan 10.3%, US 9.7%, Turkey 4.8% (2000).
Currency Kyrgyzstani som (KGS).
Currency code KGS.
Fiscal year Calendar Year.
Source : www.cia.gov
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